What you will learn

  1. The differences within and between groups of organisms; classification helps organise this diversity.
  2. Cells are the basic units of living things and have specialised structures and functions.
  3. Interactions between organisms can be described in terms of food chains and food webs and can be affected by human activity.
  4. Multicellular organisms contain systems of organs that carry out specialised functions that enable them to survive and reproduce.


What you will learn

  1. Mixtures, including solutions, contain a combination of pure substances that can be separated using a range of techniques.
  2. The properties of the different states of matter can be explained in terms of the motion and arrangement of particles.
  3. Differences between elements, compounds and mixtures can be described by using a particle model.
  4. Chemical change involves substances reacting to form new substances.

Earth & Space

What you will learn

  1. Predictable phenomena on Earth, including seasons and eclipses, are caused by the relative positions of the Sun, Earth and the Moon.
  2. Some of Earth’s resources are renewable, but others are non-renewable.
  3. Water is an important resource that cycles through the environment.
  4. Sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks contain minerals and are formed by processes that occur within Earth over a variety of timescales.


What you will learn

  1. Change to an object’s motion is caused by unbalanced forces acting on the object; Earth’s gravity pulls objects towards the centre of Earth.
  2. Energy appears in different forms including movement (kinetic energy), heat, light, chemical energy and potential energy; devices can change energy from one form to another.
  3. Light can form images using the reflective feature of curved mirrors and the refractive feature of lenses, and can disperse to produce a spectrum which is part of a larger spectrum of radiation.
  4. The properties of sound can be explained by a wave model.

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